Year 9 Quiz Answers

YEAR 9 QUIZ – here are the answers

Mark your work and let me know your score via email -  khughes@swr.school

 

  1. When was the First World War?

           1914-1918

 

       2. When was the Second World War?

           1939-1945

 

       3. What was the Wall Street Crash?

            Money markets in USA lost value and economy ground to a halt.

 

       4.  What was the Dawes Plan of 1924?

            Under the Dawes Plan, Germany’s annual reparation payments would be    

            reduced, increasing over time as its economy improved; the full amount to be

            paid, however, was left undetermined. 

 

       5. Who were the SA?

            Violent paramilitaries that helped Hitler’s rise to power.

 

        6.  How did it help increase the popularity of the Nazis?

            By intimidating the Nazis’ political opponents, especially the communists,

            by turning up at their meetings and attacking them.

            By providing opportunities for young, unemployed men to become involved

            in the party.

            By protecting Hitler and other key Nazis when they organised meetings and speeches.

 

 

7. Names three of the terms of the Treaty of Versailles

[You will have chosen factors from the box below]

Germany had to accept the blame for starting the war                                                            Germany had to pay $30 billion in reparations                                                                          Germany had to make substantial territorial concessions                                                           Germany had to cut its army to 100,000 men                                                                           Only six pre-dreadnought battleships/no submarines or air force                                         The Rhineland had to be demilitarised

 

 

8. Who were the big three?

    Georges Clemenceau [French], David Lloyd George [Britain] and Woodrow Wilson [USA]

 

9. In German politics what did the SPD believe in?

    Social and political reform for the lower classes/workers, from a centre-left perspective.

 

10. Who was Elizabeth I's father?

     Henry VIII

 

11. What was her relationship with Thomas Seymour?

     He was her stepmother’s husband. He had an unhealthy eye for her considering the vast age

     difference and that she was so young, a child.  He was often in her bedchamber.

 

12. Explain the difference between a queen regnant and a queen consort.

      A queen regnant has absolute power as a monarch, wears the crown.

      A queen consort is wife of a ruling king and has little, if any, real power.

 

 

13. Why couldn't Elizabeth I marry Robert Dudley?

    He was already married to Amy Robsart and even when she died, there was a scandal   

    suggesting he’d fatally pushed her down the stairs. Monarchs and scandals do not mix well,

    Mary, Queen of Scots and her husband is testament to that theory.

 

14. Name four elements of Elizabethan government.

 

Any of these…

Houses of Parliament, Lords and Commons

Royal Court

Privy Chamber

Justices of the Peace

Privy Council

 

 

15. What was the Royal Court?

The people who followed the monarch, from advisors and nobles, to cooks and cleaners.

 

16. What religion was Elizabeth?

Protestant

 

Extension

Name five important steps to power for Hitler, explaining why each one moved him towards dictatorship. Anything from the list below. Anything extra as long as you can argue the case.

 

     

 

27 Feb –

5 Mar 1933

Reichstag Fire and Reichstag election: on 27 February the Reichstag building was set on fire. A Dutch communist, van der Lubbe, was caught red-handed in the burning building. Days later in the election 44 per cent of the population voted for the Nazis, who won 288 seats in the Reichstag – still not an overall majority. Hitler had to join with the nationalists to form a majority

Hitler used the fire to persuade Hindenburg to pass an emergency law restricting personal liberty. This enabled him to imprison many communist leaders, which stopped them campaigning during the election. Although the Nazis the did not gain the overall majority that Hitler had hoped for in the Reichstag, it gave them enough seats - after Hitler had arrested all the communist deputies and the other parties had been intimidated by the SA - to pass the Enabling Act.

23 Mar 1933

The Enabling Act: with the communist deputies banned and the SA intimidating all the remaining non-Nazi deputies, the Reichstag voted by the required two-thirds majority to give Hitler the right to make laws without the Reichstag’s approval for four years.

Arguably this was the critical event during this period. It gave Hitler absolute power to make laws, which enabled him to destroy all opposition to his rule. This removed the Reichstag as a source of opposition.

14 July 1933

Political parties were banned: only the Nazi party was allowed to exist.

Banning political parties made Germany a one-party state and destroyed democracy in the country. This removed other parties as a source of opposition.

30 June 1934

Night of the Long Knives: Many members of the SA, including its leader Ernst Röhm, were demanding that the Nazi party carry out its socialist agenda and that the SA take over the army. Hitler could not afford to annoy businessmen or the army, so the SS (Hitler's personal bodyguards) murdered around 400 members of the SA, including Röhm, along with a number of Hitler's other opponents like the previous Chancellor, von Schleicher.

This destroyed all opposition to Hitler within the Nazi Party and gave power to the brutal SS. It also showed the rest of the world what a tyrant Hitler was. This removed any internal Nazi Party opposition to Hitler.

19 Aug 1934

Hitler became Führer: when Hindenburg died, Hitler declared himself jointly president, chancellor and head of the army. Members of the armed forces had to swear a personal oath of allegiance not to Germany, but to Hitler.

This formally made Hitler the absolute ruler of Germany. This neutralised any sources of opposition to Hitler within the army.

Hitler also extended his power in other ways:

  • Local government was reorganised – with Nazi Party officials put in charge of each area of Germany.
  • Trade unions were abolished and their leaders arrested.
  • Concordat (agreement) was signed with the Pope, which allowed Hitler to increase his power in Germany without opposition from the Catholic Church, as long as he left the Church alone.
  • People's courts: Hitler set up the Nazi people's courts where judges had to swear an oath of loyalty to the Nazis.

By the autumn of 1934 Hitler was in complete control of Germany.

Source for extension answers  - BBCbitesize  https://www.bbc.co.uk/bitesize/guides/zwmdfrd/revision/4